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General stuff



These pages
were created
by Jouni Maho.


Notices, news, updates

Breaking news! (I've always wanted to find a good excuse to use that phrase!) Things are about to change. WebAL will soon regenerate into something new, better and more useful. Most importantly, WebAL will move to a new web address, so you're all gonna have to update your bookmarks. I'll keep you updated as the news comes in. Keep tuned.

Things are moving slowly here presently. In fact, I'm looking for someone who might be interested in taking over this entire enterprise. So, if there's anyone out there who could provide a permanent-ish web location and maintenance for these pages, I'd be very grateful if they would let me know.

It's been quiet around here for a while, and it may remain so for a few more weeks. But just so you won't lack anything to download and read, I added some links from UNESCO's document repository. There are many interesting documents there, and it's well worth a visit.

The journal Mandenkan has put out most of its contents online. (Thanks to H.H. for making me aware of this.) It contains a sizeable chunk of really good articles, so it comes highly recommended. Hence due to the now massively increased number of Mande links, I have had to break out the Manding links and put them on a page of their own. Possibly Bambara deserves its own page, too, but I'll leave that for later.

Updates will be slow over the coming weeks, in case you'll start wondering if I've finally abandoned this project. I haven't. Incidentally, I've started my own blog. As seemingly every one else has one, I feel I must have one, too.

The Internet Archive has lots of fascinating public domain stuff, such as old books and old movies. They even have past versions of web pages. There's quite a lot of interesting Africana there, too, and I'll be adding links to them as I find them. But it's a slow process searching for them, so it might take a while before I've found them all (or at least most of them).

The Kamusi Project is about to begin work on PALDO: the Pan-African Living Dictionary Online. A planning meeting will take place in Accra, Ghana, on April 2, which is to be simulcast live online. You can participate via a special blog at The meeting starts at 9 AM, local time (GMT), which you can swiftly convert to your own local time by visiting the World Clock Time Converter.

The University of California has put out a lot of papers online at their eScholarship Repository. It's well worth a visit. I'm slowly browsing through the contents and have started putting up proper links to some of the available papers, esp. those appearing in UCLA working papers in linguistics.

So, a brand new year has begun. As you may have noticed, I've taken the opportunity to change the look of these pages a little bit (mostly the colours). There's a handful new additions, most of which I found at the Stellenbosch Repository. I've also added a brief formalia page, with disclaimers and such. I don't really need one, but somehow it feels a bit more dignified if there is one.

Google Books was brought to my attention a little while back. Apparently there's a quite bit of Africana there, and some quite good stuff, too. Most of it is, of course, a bit old, but valuable nonetheless.

We're approaching our Christmas holidays over here, so updates are likely to be a bit slow over the coming weeks. In the meantime, why not spend a few moments brushing up your indexing skills? Or else, you can just keep up with all the latest news from AllAfrica.

The proceedings from last year's Bantu conference at SOAS have been published online in SOAS working papers in linguistics.

The Kamusi Project's Internet Living Swahili Dictionary has found a new home.

Maasai links have been moved to a page of their own.

I've created two new language pages, one for Bemba and one for Xhosa. I have also added a lot of tiny maps on most Bantu pages. Eventually, there will be maps on most/all pages.

As you may have noticed, I have added a lot of new links to SIL documents, especially from SIL Cameroun. I have also corrected several links to documents available from the US-based Education Resources Information Center (ERIC). Previously I could link to the document-specific abstracts, from where PDFs could be downloaded. For some reason, they've made that impossible now, so I have to link directly to the PDFs, not that that's necessarily a bad thing, but it's a pity as the abstract pages usually contain lots of useful information.

The superlative Internet Living Swahili Dictionary at Yale has been taken off-line, pending some legal issues. I'll keep the link to it, however, as we all hope it'll be brought back to life as soon as possible.

I've created three new pages, one each for Fulani, Wolof, and Akan.

I'm slowly working myself through several French journals available via They offer access to many interesting articles which I won't be linking to, so you might want to check out the site for yourselves.

I've now added links to selected Aequatoria articles. I may have missed one or two relevant titles, but I think I managed to find most of them. If there's anything missing, please feel free to mail me with corrections (nicely).

I've started adding links to Aequatoria articles, but there's still a whole bunch to go through, specifically the ones without self-explanatory titles, so I guess I have to sit myself down and read them. Also, Cascadilla Press has announced the forthcoming release of a new set of proceedings. I'll add links to those as well some time in the future. In the meantime, why not watch some hamster bowling.

The African Book Bank Online (ABBOL) has put out PDF versions of most back-issues of the Congo-based journal Aequatoria online. It's well worth the downloads as they contain much read-worthy stuff, and they might otherwise also be tough to get by. I'll be adding more detailed links to selected articles shortly.

I have (finally) added a page for Ancient Egyptian & Coptic. However, there are many websites devoted to Ancient Egyptian, and it would take me too much time to survey even a fraction of them. Hence I have only linked to a small selection of materials, as I found some quite interesting stuff on the ETANA (Electronic Tools and Ancient Near Eastern Archives) website. Some time in the future, I will do a more systematic survey of what's available on the internet.

I have fixed all links to CBOLD materials. Now the links go directly into the appropriate folders. I've also deleted a few links, as they've apparently taken some material away.

And before I forget it, check out the Afriterra Maps Catalogue, one of the most beautiful map collections online.

As you may have noticed, there haven't been any updates for over a month. Life got in the way, but I haven't abandoned this project just yet. So, please check all the latest additions. There's plenty to download and read. More to come shortly.

I've taken away the counter. For some unexplained reason, it just stopped counting. I guess I have to look for another one. If anyone knows of a good, free web counter, please let me know.

So, a new year's begun. I've celebretated this by adding links to the ALMA (African Language Materials Archive) E-books Archive, from where you can download many ebooks in selected West African languages. Why not start the new year with a couple Cape Verdean riddles?

As you may have noticed, I have changed the main font from Arial to the more readable Verdana. (Arial is still specified as a secondary font.) I have also added a little counter. I'm not yet sure if I like it, but it's free and quite unobtrusive.

Christmas is approaching, so there probably won't be that many new updates until January.

I have added links to several African-language versions of Wikipedia. Most of them contain only a few articles, so any and all fluent speakers of African languages are encouraged to start writing.

Cascadilla Press has just released the Selected proceedings of the 36th annual conference on African linguistics, which contains many interesting titles.

I've deleted a few pesky HTML parametres, in particular those that open external links in new browser windows. I've also performed a slight cosmetic change in the headers (and made them a bit more distinct).

Another new page has been created. This one collects all the latest additions from the past month or so. Let's hope I remember to keep it properly updated.

We're in the middle of the hottest summer in ages, so updates are likely to be sporadic and slow during the coming weeks.

Shona has been given a page of its own.

Many links added to fulltext articles available from the African e-Journals Project, a service provided by the Michigan State University. One part of the project is to offer online access to back issues of selected journals published in Africa, such as Pula (Botswana), Research Review (Ghana), Utafiti (Tanzania), Zambezia (Zimbabwe), and others.

Updates have been a bit slow lately. This will continue for the coming couple of weeks, in case anyone is wondering. In the meantime, you may want to browse through some of the online text-banks listed on the journals page.

May I be so bold as to make a tiny little request from all you good people who make documents available on the web. Avoid using non-ASCII characters (e.g. vowels with diacritics) and blank spaces in your file names. Those things tend to mess things up when trying to link to them. Different browsers interpret them in different ways. Usually it works OK, but sometimes it just doesn't.

Again, due to ever-increasing page sizes, a handful more languages have been given separate pages. Hence Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Tswana and Zulu now appear on pages of their own.

The Chadic page has reached an impractical size, so I have distributed most of its contents in four new pages: Chadic West, Chadic East, Chadic Central, and Chadic Masa.

Lots of additions to papers available through Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD). Go to "Les ressources", chose "Documentation", and then click on "Horizon/Pleins-Texte". That takes you to an elaborate search page where you can experiment with keywords. It's worth spending time on. The site offers lots of goodies for linguists.

Several links added to papers available through Érudit, which is a Canadian web-service aimed at "promoting and disseminating scholarly research". It contains numerous texts on Africa. Many are freely available, while some are available only to subscribers. Their search function is a little awkward, but worth using.

The International journal of education and development using Information and Communication Technology contains several Africa-relevant papers. Recommended reading.

A small change in the presentation of link addresses. They now appear in a slightly lighter font than the rest of the text(s). I've also deleted that annoying space preceding them.

Several links added to contributions appearing in Selected proceedings of the 35th annual conference on African linguistics, and other proceedings published online by the Cascadilla Proceedings Project.

Many new links added to language manuals and various educational materials accessible via the Education Resources Information Center (ERIC). Their search facility is highly recommended, if a bit slow.

Several links added to African-language dictionaries forming part of a larger Webster's Online Dictionary with Multilingual Thesaurus Translation, maintained by Philip M. Parker. I added links only to those African languages that were categorised as "Largest" and "Large".

Several languages have been broken out from their original pages and placed on pages of their own, as materials relevant for them have grown fairly large. Presently, this concern Afrikaans, English, French, Hausa, Portuguese, Swahili, Yoruba. I will add proper introductions and maps to those pages, in due time. (More languages will eventually get pages of their own.)

Another batch of French papers added, now from the online journals Sudlangues and Le français en Afrique.

More French papers added, this time from the journal Cahiers du Rifal.

Many new additions all over the site, among them links to sound files accompanying Peter Ladefoged's book Vowels and consonants, as well as links to French papers from the journal Politique africaine and the online proceedings of Colloque Développement Durable, which was held in Ouagadougou, June 2004.

Several links added to papers on Dagaare, and other Gur languages, appearing in Journal of Dagaare studies.

Another major cosmetic upgrade. Hopefully the pages have a "cleaner" look now.

The introduction of a new page for country-specific resources.

The introduction of a new page for academic institutes, spec. those which are of relevance for students/researchers of African languages.

Three new pages for general African language resources have been created, namely, upcoming conferences, journals and online communities.

We are approaching our Christmas and New Year celebrations, so updates may (or may not) be a bit erratic during the coming weeks. In the meantime, you may want to watch a recent good movie with an African theme, Hotel Rwanda. Or, why not pick something from Bollywood, unless, of course, you prefer old Humphrey Bogart flicks.

A whole bunch of links have been added to various sound files at the UCLA Phonetics Lab Archive.

The HTML syntax has (finally) been improved. There is still some unorthodox coding here and there, but nothing that seems to be causing problems for anyone.

The Adamawa and Ubangi languages have been put on separate pages. Thus the previous Adamawa-Ubangi page no longer exists.

A new section with links to online communities has been created on the General page.

Several links added to papers from Université Lumière (Lyon 2).

Links added to papers on Sandawe by Helen "Dr Helen I Presume" Eaton.

Many new additions to contributions by SIL Cameroon, in particular on the Bantu A, Bantoid, Adamawa, Ubangi and Chadic pages.

As the Benue-Congo page has become rather heavy, I have put the Bantoid languages on a page of their own. There will probably be a few more re-organizations in the near future.

Tiny cosmetic upgrade of the maps, in particular the thumbs.

Tervuren's J Zone has (finally) been given a page of its own. This means that some languages from the Bantu D and Bantu E pages are now to be found on the new Bantu J page.

Links added to papers from the Hamburger afrikanistiche Arbeitspapiere.

New additions from the latest issue of Africa & Asia, the Gothenburgian working papers series on African and Asian languages.

Another cosmetic change involving the change of some colours.

Several links added to Bisharat's discussion boards, which deal with the use of African languages on computers and the internet.

A slight layout change. Author names are now more noticeble.

Several additions to papers by TshwaneDJe Members, especially Bantu S.

Several additions to scanned papers on Arabic hosted at the NITLE Arab World Project.

Several additions to articles by Katherine Demuth on the Bantu and Bantu S pages.
Links added to papers on Nilotic languages, some of which derive from the Nilotic Language Research Network.

Many links added to papers on Berber languages by Salem Chaker.

Several re-distributed and re-organized links on the Benue-Congo page.

Many links added to articles appearing in Nordic journal of African studies.

The birth of this update-page. Most items below have been recreated from old files and/or memory.

The introduction of a brand new page for general materials.

Links to resources by Jacky Maniacky added on the Bantu C, Bantu H, and Bantu K pages.

Several links added to papers by Larry Hyman on Bantu, Bantu A, Bantu E, Leggbo, and Kwa.

Several links added to papers on Chadic by Russell G. Schuh.

Several links added, among them many articles from the Lyon-based journal Pholia, most of which deal with Gabonese Bantu.

Second major cosmetic update plus the start of a major re-shuffling of pages, data, links, the lot.

Move to new site at

Roger Blench has found a new unclassified language, Bangi-me, in Mali.

There were several minor updates during 2004 and early 2005 which elude me at the moment.

Khoesan links added from the Khoisan Syntax Homepage at Cornell University.

Many links added.

Many links added to SILESR documents.

First major cosmetic update.

Beta version launched at

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